Загадочные каменные круги в Турфане

turfan-UyghurToday__com

Около 200 таинственных каменных кругов находятся в безжизненной пустыне Гоби на северо-западе Китая. Эти рукотворные каменные образования, по оценкам экспертов, сделаны 4500 лет назад.

Каменные сооружения, расположенные недалеко от города Турфан, имеют форму кругов и квадратов, некоторые из камней, как выяснили учёные, привезены издалека, видимо, с определённой целью.

Эньго Лю, местный археолог, занимающийся изучением каменных образований в Турфане, говорит, что такого рода сооружения встречаются по всей Центральной Азии, они использовались для жертвоприношений. Похожие сооружения могут быть найдены в Монголии, сказал MailOnline археолог Фолькер Хейд из Университета Бристоля.

В 2003 году археологи провели раскопки в окрестностях Турфана в надежде найти захоронения, но никаких человеческих останков или артефактов не нашли.

Учёные предполагают, что некоторые из каменных кругов сделаны в бронзовом веке, в то время как другие, более сложные образования, вероятно, в средние века.

Древние каменные круги расположены неподалеку от Огненных гор в бассейне Турфан. Местность характеризуется очень высокими дневными температурами (до 50°C), это одно из самых жарких мест на Земле.

Источник: http://www.epochtimes.ru/

1turfan-UyghurToday_com

Pic shows: The patterns of stone, some circular and some square, vary in shape and size, were discovered 12 years ago in the Gobi desert. Archaeologists said that they are not a natural formation and had probably been set up of as a place of worship by ancient nomadic peoples. Archaeologists in north-western China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region have said that over 200 stone circles discovered 12 years ago in the Gobi desert are not a natural formation and had probably been set up of as a place of worship by ancient nomadic peoples. They made the announcement after discovering the type of stone used to make the circles cannot naturally be found anywhere in the Gobi desert, meaning they were brought to the region deliberately. The patterns of stone, some circular and some square, vary in shape and size, and cover almost 20,000-square-metres of an area known as the Flaming Mountains in Turpan City. One particularly big circle formation, shaped like a sun and consisting of some 200 stones, has been of particular interest to experts, who said the type of stone used to form the circle cannot be found in the Gobi desert. Local residents in the nearest town of Lianmuqin said they grew up seeing the stone circles since childhood. One resident said: "I've been to the site twice. I visited the circles in the 50s, then returned again 15-years-ago. As a child we were told that the stones were not placed there by people, but rather a natural formation." Many other residents are familiar with the stone circles, but none of them claimed to know what the rocks were placed there for. Following the official discovery of the circles in 2003, after an archaeological dig, many people have come from across the country to dig in and around the circles, hoping to find buried treasures in what they thought might be graves below the ground. As a result of the increased attention to the site, the local Cultural Relics Bureau sealed off the area in 2013. A local archaeologist named Lyu Enguo, 47, said that, judging from the soil, there were no graves beneath the stone circles, adding that graves are usually covered with many layers of soil, because they are often dug up and refilled. The soil beneath the stone circles remains undisturbed, he said. Having done three comprehensive field studies in the region since the site's "rediscovery" in 2003, Lyu concluded that the stone circles could have been used as sacrificial worship sites by nomadic people in the past. Lyu said: "Such circular sacrificial sites are normal across Central Asia. We can imagine that this site was used for worshipping the god of the sun, because of the circular shape of the stones. In Xinjiang, the main Shamanism god to worship is the god of the sun." He added that the stone circles are all found on higher altitudes in the Flaming Mountains region, which also correlates with the ancient selection conditions for ceremonial sites. The fact that ancient nomadic people in Central Asia traditionally used stones during ceremonies of worship also adds to the evidence of this being such a site. (ends)  

2turfan-UyghurToday_com

Смотрите также:

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *